An Illustrated History of Old Sutton in St.Helens
Part 1 (of 76 parts) - Introduction - The Township of Sutton & St.HelensResearched & Written by Stephen Wainwright ©MMXIV Contact Me Research Sources
Header image: The Burn Lancashire Coal sign was at Sutton Manor colliery from 1934 but was
removed at the start of WWII as enemy planes could have used it as a navigational aid
- Sherdley Hall owned by Michael Hughes
- Dr. Henry Baker Bates, dubbed the 'Uncrowned King of Sutton'
- World War 2 Victory Party in Oxley Street in Sutton
- Alderman Arthur Sinclair of Waterdale in Sutton, Mayor of St.Helens 1892 & 1893
- Independent Methodist Chapel in Herbert Street
- Bold Colliery (1875 - 1991)
- A May Queen parade in Sutton Oak in 1925
- Sutton Monastery (a.k.a. St.Anne's Retreat)
- End of Coal Mining in Sutton
- Street Party in Powell Street, Sutton on VE Day in May 1945
- Sutton Cricket Club pictured about 1900, then based in St.Helens Junction
- Sutton Oak Chemical Defence Research Establishment (a.k.a. Poison Gas Works)
- Sutton Oak engine sheds where Morrisons supermarket car park is now
- The championship-winning Sutton Harriers Athletics Club
The Golden Years of Sutton in St.Helens - The People and the Places...
Sutton Beauty & Heritage's 76 History Pages:
However, Parliament was concerned about the living and working conditions in the expanding English factory towns and demanded reforms to improve their citizens' health. It became increasingly recognised in the St. Helens townships that only incorporation into a borough could create a system of local governance capable of delivering improvements.
This silk of the St.Helens coat of arms was included in BDV cigarette packs in 1915. BDV were owned by Godfrey Phillips of London who used the strap 'by appointment to the King of Spain'. The St.Helens Borough coat of arms was granted in 1876 and it lasted until 1974 when the Corporation became a Metropolitan borough and a new coat of arms was granted.
How Sutton Was Viewed in the 19th CenturyThis is how John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales described Sutton in 1870-72:
The church of All Saints, erected in 1893, at a cost of £7,800, defrayed by subscription, is a chapel of ease to St. Nicholas, and has been built to accommodate the large and increasing population near to St. Helens Junction: there are 600 sittings. The Wesleyans have a chapel in Sutton road. St. Anne’s Catholic church, erected in 1852, is a stone building in the Early English style, consisting of nave, aisles, transept and a tower with fine spire, and will seat about 500 persons. There are collieries, plate glass works, cobalt works, glass bottle works, copper smelting works, earthenware works and drain pipe works. The St. Helens Cottage Hospital, established here in 1873, has beds for 56 patients; it is managed by a committee of 17 persons, of which the mayor is chairman. William Pilkington esq. is lord of the manor. The principal landowner is Michael J. Hughes esq. The soil is clayey; subsoil, clay. The crops are wheat, oats and green crops. At Lea Green is a station on the London and North Western railway. At Marshalls Cross and Sutton Heath are earthenware works. There is a free Methodist chapel at Marshall's Cross and a Wesleyan chapel at Nutgrove.
A map of old Sutton from Frank Free's excellent 1979 book 'Our Heritage in Sutton and Bold'
Please do contact me if you can provide any further information and / or photographs concerning Sutton, St.Helens. You might also consider contributing your recollections of old Sutton for the Memories pages, which are proving very popular. Sutton Beauty & Heritage strives for factual accuracy at all times. Please do also get in touch if you believe that there are any errors. I respond quickly to emails and if you haven't received a response within 12 hours, check your junk mail folder or send your message again. Thank you! Stephen Wainwright